At its twenty-sixth session, in 2017, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
adopted resolution 26/2, on ensuring access to measures for the prevention of mother-to-child
transmission of HIV in prisons. In 2019, in response to the resolution, UNODC, together with

other UNAIDS co-sponsors, technical experts from Member States, members of community-
based organizations and academia developed and published Prevention of mother-to-child trans-
mission of HIV in prisons: a technical guide, based on relevant international guidelines. The

technical guide is intended to support countries in increasing their capacity to eliminate mother-
to-child transmission of HIV in prison and achieve the ultimate goal of ending HIV/AIDS as a

public health threat by 2030, leaving no one behind.
In the resolution, the Commission requested UNODC, in collaboration with relevant co-sponsors,
the secretariat of UNAIDS and experts, and in consultation with Member States, to develop
measures for monitoring epidemiological trends in mother-to-child transmission in prisons and
services to prevent such transmission, including by developing tools for data collection. It also
invited Member States to provide national data, with due respect for the confidentiality of the
health information of persons in prison.
The monitoring tool presented in this document has been developed within the above