HIV has long been a high-level health threat among people who inject drugs (PWID). The joint UNODC/ WHO/UNAIDS/World Bank estimate for the number of PWID worldwide for 2013 is 12.19 million (range: 8.48–21.46 million).1 About 1.65 million of those individuals are estimated to be living with HIV, a figure that corresponds to 13.5 per cent of the world’s PWID being HIV-positive. That HIV prevalence level is several times greater than among the global general population and clearly indicates that the epidemic disproportionately affects PWID wherever they live.

Practical Guide For Service Providers On Gender Responsive HIV Services